Learning setbacks a top concern for American

BOSTON, United States (AP) — Parents across the United States are conflicted about reopening schools. Most are at least somewhat worried that a return to the classroom will lead to more coronavirus cases, but there’s an even deeper fear that their children are falling behind in school while at home.

Sixty-nine per cent of parents are at least somewhat concerned that their children will face setbacks in school because of the coronavirus pandemic, including 42 per cent who say they’re very or extremely worried about it, according to a new poll from The University of Chicago Harris School of Public Policy and The Associated Press-NORC Center for Public Affairs Research.

Nearly as many, 64 per cent, say they are at least somewhat concerned that in-person instruction will lead to more people being infected, but it’s only 33 per cent who say they are very or extremely worried about the risk.

That tension reflects the fears of a nation on the cusp of a widespread return to classroom teaching. More than a year after the pandemic started, more schools are now opening their doors to students or plan to do so in coming weeks.

Parents’ concerns about their children falling behind were even stronger in an AP-NORC poll last July, after the school year was interrupted in the spring by the burgeoning pandemic. Concerns about the spread of the virus in general also have ticked down to a low point as many look hopefully to a chance to ease back to normal.

Pressure to reopen schools has come from parents, state officials and President Joe Biden, who has vowed to have most of the nation’s elementary schools open five days a week in his Administration’s first 100 days. Even as many schools already offer some level of in-person teaching, there’s growing demand to bring students back every day.

For parents, concerns about the pandemic’s impact go beyond academics — most also worry at least some that their children will fall behind socially and lose access to school sports and other activities, the poll found.

Maria Sanchez, a mother of four in Hawthorne, California, said the past year has been especially trying for her youngest daughter, Naomi, who’s now in sixth grade. Before the pandemic, Naomi was a star student who mostly earned As and Bs. But since classes moved online last year, it hasn’t been uncommon to see Ds on her report cards, Sanchez said.

“It just seems so hard for her to understand anything,” Sanchez said. Naomi logs on for every class, she added, but the comfort of home makes it harder to focus. “She doesn’t take notes. She’s not writing anything,” Sanchez said. “She’s not learning anything.”

Sanchez welcomed the recent news that Naomi’s school is planning a return to classroom instruction. But her relief was joined by fears about the virus spreading within the school district, where she works as a food services manager.

“Even though I’m happy they’re opening the school and my daughter gets to go back and do her best, I’m still concerned about the virus,” she said.

Last month the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) released guidelines saying schools can safely reopen with masks, social distancing and other measures even if teachers have not received vaccines. Even in areas with higher virus rates, the agency said, younger students are generally safe to continue with classroom instruction.

Despite the CDC’s guidance, however, Americans remain divided over what’s needed for a safe reopening. Most say masks are important, but it’s not a universal expectation: 62 per cent say it’s essential to require masks among students and teachers, while 22 per cent say it’s important but not essential, the poll found.

The CDC last week relaxed its social distancing guidelines in schools, saying it’s safe to seat students as close as three feet (0.9 meters) apart. The agency previously recommended six feet (1.8 meters), leading many schools to reduce classes to half their usual size. Just under half of Americans said they think it’s essential to limit class sizes, however, while another four in 10 said it’s important but not required.

Hoping to speed up the return to the classroom, the Biden Administration recently ordered all states to prioritise teachers and other school staff in their vaccine roll-outs. The move was seen as a victory for teachers unions, some of which demanded vaccines even after the CDC said shots were not a requirement to reopen safely.

But Americans disagree on the need for teacher vaccines. About four in 10 say it’s essential, while about a third say it’s important but not essential.

The clashing opinions have translated to a patchwork of policies. While some states have already made vaccines available to all teachers, some have just started to make them eligible. And while many states continue to require masks in schools, states have lifted mandates, allowing districts to decide their own policies.

Biden’s recently signed $1.9 trillion relief bill includes more than $120 billion to help schools reopen and recover from the pandemic. At least 20 per cent of that must be spent on efforts to address learning setbacks worsened by the pandemic.

Most Americans embrace that kind of effort: 81 per cent said they support Government-funded summer school or tutoring to help students who fall behind, and just six per cent are opposed. Another 12 per cent didn’t have an opinion.

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