This Day in History – June 8
Today is the 159th day of 2021. There are 206 days left in the year.
632 AD: The prophet Muhammad dies in Medina. He leaves no arrangement for his succession, creating a rift in Islam lasting to this day.
1762: Russo-Prussian alliance against Austria is concluded.
1869: The suction vacuum cleaner is patented by Ives McGaffey of Chicago.
1883: France, by Convention of Marsa with Bey of Tunis, gains effective control of Tunisia.
1915: Allied forces take Neuville in France from Germans in World War I.
1925: Britain and France accept in principle Germany’s proposals for security pact to guarantee Franco-German and Belgo-German boundaries.
1942: Japanese submarines shell Sydney, Australia, in World War II.
1965: US troops in Vietnam are authorised to engage in offensive operations.
1976: Large force of Syrian troops moves into Lebanon, where civil war rages.
1978: A jury in Clark County, Nevada, rules the so-called “Mormon will”, purportedly written by the late billionaire Howard Hughes, was a forgery.
1982: President Ronald Reagan becomes the first American chief executive to address a joint session of the British Parliament.
1988: Soviet Foreign Minister Eduard Shevardnadze tells United Nations that Moscow would observe a moratorium on nuclear testing if United States also agrees.
1990: Vaclav Havel is elected president in Czechoslovakia’s first free election in 44 years.
1992: Delegates at the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, approve new UN body to monitor compliance with environmental treaties.
1993: Rene Bousquet, former head of police in Vichy France, is killed in his Paris apartment by a gunman on the eve of his war crimes trial.
1994: Two months after the start of the carnage in Rwanda, the UN Security Council approves the dispatch of 5,500 peacekeepers with a timid mandate to protect humanitarian aid but not to stop the slaughter.
1996: China sets off an underground nuclear test blast.
1998: Nigerian dictator Sani Abacha dies suddenly of a heart attack, opening the way for democracy in the country.
2001: Japan is shocked when a man stabs and kills eight children and wounds 15 teachers and students at a school in Ikeda. The Caribbean Search Centre is opened at the Jamaica Constabulary Force training complex in Twickenham Park, St Catherine. The search centre is a joint security venture between the British and Jamaican governments.
2004: France and Germany, the sharpest critics of the Iraq war, back a revised UN resolution laying out the powers of Iraq’s new government, an important step toward gaining the approval of the UN Security Council.
2005: Ethiopian police open fire on stone-throwing protesters in the centre of the capital, killing 22 people and wounding hundreds as unrest mounts over the ruling party’s claim of victory in recent elections.
2006: The US Food and Drug Administration approves Gardasil, a vaccine against HPV, the virus that causes cervical cancer. Sheikha Haya Al Khalifa (SHAY’-kah HY’-ah al hah-LEE’-fah), a lawyer from Bahrain, is elected UN General Assembly president, the first woman from the Middle East to take the post.
2010: US Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton says proposed new UN sanctions against Iran’s suspect nuclear programme will be the toughest ever adopted.
2011: Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi, increasingly cornered under a stunning upturn in North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) air strikes, lashes back with renewed shelling of the western city of Misrata, killing 10 rebel fighters.
2013: US President Barack Obama and Chinese President Xi Jinping end a two-day summit in the California desert with few policy breakthroughs but the prospect of stronger personal ties.
2014: Egypt’s former military leader is sworn into office as president nearly a year after he ousted the nation’s first freely elected leader.
2015: Acknowledging setbacks, President Barack Obama says at the close of a G-7 summit in Germany that the United States still lacked a “complete strategy” for training Iraqi forces to fight the Islamic State. Siding with the White House in a foreign policy power struggle with Congress, the Supreme Court ruled 6-3 that Americans born in the disputed city of Jerusalem could not list Israel as their birthplace on passports.
Giovanni Cassini, Italian astronomer (1625-1712); Robert Schumann, German composer (1810-1856); Frank Lloyd Wright, US architect (1869-1959); Suharto, second Indonesian president (1921-2008); Joan Rivers, US comedian/talk show host (1933-2014); James Darren, US actor (1936- ); Nancy Sinatra, pop singer (1940- ); Sonia Braga, Brazilian actress (1950- ); Kanye West, rapper (1977- ); Julianna Margulies, US actress (1967- )
– AP/Jamaica Observer