This Day in History – May 11
Today is the 132nd day of 2020. There are 234 days left in the year.
2000: With the birth of a baby girl named Astha — “Faith” in Hindi — India’s population officially hits one billion.
1507: France annexes Genoa in Italy.
1745: French under Marshal Saxe defeat English at Fontenoy and conquer Austrian Netherlands.
1812: Britain’s Tory Premier Spencer Perceval is assassinated by a mad man in House of Commons.
1824: British forces take Rangoon in Burma — now Myanmar — during the first Anglo-Burmese war.
1860: The Expedition of the Thousand under Giuseppe Garibaldi lands in Sicily to overthrow the Bourbon kingdom and ultimately create modern Italy.
1927: The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences — best known for the Academy Award (Oscars) — was founded during a banquet at the Biltmore Hotel in Los Angeles.
1943: US forces land at Attu in Aleutian Islands in World War II. It is first American territory regained from Japan.
1944: Allied forces launch a major offensive in central Italy.
1947: The B F Goodrich Co of Akron, Ohio, announces the development of a tubeless tire.
1949: Israel is admitted to United Nations; Siam changes its name to Thailand.
1971: The ancient temples at Angkor Wat are damaged by artillery fire in fighting between Cambodian Government and communist forces.
1973: Lower House of West German legislature ratifies treaty establishing formal relations between the two halves of divided Germany.
1975: Laos Premier Souvanna Phouma concedes communist victory in his country.
1981: Reggae icon, the legendary Bob Marley, dies in a Miami hospital at age 36.
1985: More than 50 people die when a flash fire sweeps a packed soccer stadium in Bradford, England.
1987: Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi’s Government imposes direct federal control of Punjab State due to violence by Sikh separatists.
1988: Guatemalan army says it quashed military coup attempt on President Vinicio Cerezo’s civilian Government.
1993: Fire in a Thailand doll factory kills at least 188.
1994: Southern forces fire a Scud missile into the northern capital of San’a, Yemen, killing 25 people.
1995: A global conference at the United Nations decides to extend the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty indefinitely.
1996: A tornado rips through northern Bangladesh, killing more than 600 villagers and injuring at least 34,000.
1997: The Deep Blue IBM computer becomes the first to defeat the world chess champion, winning a six-game match against Garry Kasparov in New York.
1998: India conducts three underground nuclear tests, the country’s first since 1974 and the world’s first since 1996.
1999: North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) bombards a wide swath of Yugoslavia, saying it does not believe Slobodan Milosevic has begun withdrawing his forces from Kosovo.
2001: A Dutch court convicts seven men in the deaths of 58 Chinese migrants who suffocated in a truck container while seeking a better life in Britain.
2005: South American and Arab leaders endorse a declaration calling for free trade rules that benefit the poor and closer political and economic ties between the two far-flung regions at the end of a two-day summit held in Brazil.
2006: Thousands of riot police in Cairo break up pro-reform protests, chasing and roughing up demonstrators who gathered to support two Egyptian judges facing disciplinary action after they blew the whistle on election fraud.
2007: North and South Korea adopt a military agreement enabling the first train crossing of their heavily armed border in more than half a century.
2008: Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapaksa hails his party’s election victory in the country’s tense Eastern Province as a mandate to push ahead with his war against Tamil Tiger rebels in the north.
2009: Pope Benedict XVI confronts the dark history of his native Germany on the first day of his trip to Israel, shaking the hands of six Holocaust survivors.
2010: Conservative leader David Cameron becomes Britain’s youngest prime minister in almost 200 years after Gordon Brown stepped down and ended 13 years of Labour government.
2011: Embattled Libyan ruler Moammar Gadhafi makes a television appearance, the first since his son was killed in NATO air strike. Conservative leader David Cameron becomes Britain’s youngest prime minister in almost 200 years after Gordon Brown stepped down and ended 13 years of Labour Government.
2013: Former Pakistani Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif declares victory after an election marred by violence.
2014: Ninety per cent of voters in a key industrial region in eastern Ukraine come out in favour of sovereignty, pro-Russian insurgents say.
Baron Munchhausen, German storyteller (1720-1797); Irving Berlin, US songwriter (1888-1989); Paul Nash, British artist (1889-1946); Salvador Dali, Spanish artist (1904-1989); Richard P Feynman, US physicist (1918-1988); Natasha Richardson, actress (1963-2009); Mort Sahl, US comedian (1927- ); Mark Herndon, drummer with country group Alabama (1955- ); Nation of Islam leader Louis Farrakhan (1933- ); Natasha Richardson, actress (1963-2009); Rapper Ace Hood (1988- )
— AP & Observer
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